Wailing Wall

Al Aqsa Mosque Hezekiah's Tunnel

Wailing Wall

Wailing Wall

Western / Wailing Wall

Jerusalem's Wailing Wall is the most venerated site in Judaism today. Above is the Wailing Wall during the Shavuot (see below).

Why is the Wailing Wall called the "Wailing" Wall?

In the Middle Ages, Jerusalem's European residents often heard Jewish visitors wailing at the wall to lament the loss of Jerusalem. Wailing "Wall," however, is a misnomer because the Wailing Wall actually isn't a wall. When Herod 'the Great' - the one who slaughtered Bethlehem's baby boys after Jesus was born there (see Jesus birthplace) - set out to expand the Second Temple of Jerusalem, he found the Temple Mount area too small for his plans. So he enlarged it by widening the foundation with cut boulders.

The Wailing Wall is the western facade (the Wailing Wall is also called, "Western Wall") of this foundation, which is all that remained of the Temple Mount after the Roman army razed Herod's temple in 70 AD, just as Jesus had prophesied about 40 years earlier:

Wailing WallThen as He went out of the temple, one of His disciples said to Him, "Teacher, see what manner of stones and what buildings are here!" And Jesus answered and said to him, "Do you see these great buildings? Not one stone shall be left upon another, that shall not be thrown down." (Mark 13:1-2)

Were they really thrown down?

Walking south along the Wailing Wall toward the Dung Gate will bring you to an excavated area (right) with the stones that were "thrown down" from the Temple Mount just as Jesus had prophesied ~30 AD. For more archaeology, see Jesus's Tomb, Capernaum and Golgotha.

Below is the Wailing Wall during a quieter moment at sunrise.

Wailing Wall

The orthodox Jewish men* facing the Wailing Wall, including the two on the left wearing prayer shawls, are reciting prayers while rocking back and forth. Prayers are also written on pieces of paper, which are folded and stuck in the Wailing Wall's crevices.

Why do they rock back and forth while reciting prayers at the Wailing Wall?

Jewish rabbis learned early on that using more muscles aids memorization.

Where are the women?

Wailing WallThey are behind the partition (right), that reserves the left (when facing the wall) 2/3 of the Wailing Wall plaza for men and 1/3 of the plaza for women (Draped in the Israeli flag in the background is the ramp to the Dome of the Rock and Al Aqsa Mosque on the Temple Mount).

The men on the right are celebrating the Shavuot, which commemorates Moses returning from Mount Sinai with the stone tablets bearing the Ten Commandments, by walking in a circle chanting, "Thank you for the Law!" in Hebrew. The Shavuot, also called the Feast of Weeks, takes place fifty days after the Passover and coincides with the Pentecost.

* Orthodox Jewish men, typically dressed in black, keep to themselves and avoid contact with non-Jews. If you are a man, refrain from offering a handshake to greet Orthodox Jewish women; the only men they are allowed to touch are their husbands.

Travel Tip
The Wailing Wall plaza is open 24 hours, 7 days a week, and reaching it requires passing through one of three security checkpoints. To get close to the wall, dress modestly and pick up a head covering from the bin in the entry area. Men can approach the Wailing Wall only from the left side of the plaza as you face the wall, and the women, only from the right.

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