|Golgotha ◄||► Why Was Jesus Crucified?|
As you can see above, the real tomb of Jesus is hewn out of rock (the rock formation visible to the right of the tomb wraps over the area photographed) as the Bible mentions, and the tomb's facade had been smoothed to the left of the entrance to allow the stone to be rolled into place to close the tomb, also as the Bible mentions:
"Now when evening had come, because it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath, Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent council member, who was himself waiting for the kingdom of God, coming and taking courage, went in to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Pilate marveled that He was already dead; and summoning the centurion, he asked him if He had been dead for some time. So when he found out from the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph. Then he bought fine linen, took Him down, and wrapped Him in the linen. And he laid Him in a tomb which had been hewn out of the rock, and rolled a stone against the door of the tomb." (Mark 15:42-47)
Below is a photo of a plaque that is displayed just outside the entrance to the tomb of Jesus. It is a top down view of Jesus' tomb. The somewhat blurry words on the right are repeated and explained further below:
1 Entrance to outer room, hewn in rock. This is the entrance to Jesus' tomb visible in the top photo.
2 Low threshold to graves. This is just a step down to the right half of the tomb, which is slightly lower than the left half.
3 Short low rock walls.
4 Finished loculus (burial place). This is where Jesus' body lay for three days.
5 Pillow cut in rock. Instead of dropping off at a right angle, the rocky mass had been smoothed and sloped into a pillow for the head.
6 Weeping chamber. The left half of the tomb is a flat area that is intended for the mourners to sit and mourn while looking at the body on the other side of the short rock walls ("3" above).
7 Rough ledge.
8 Unfinished loculus. How do we know it was unfinished? The rocky mass on the right side had not yet been sloped and smoothed into a pillow ("5" above), indicating that the tomb was almost but not quite finished and therefore still new when it was used. This is an important detail since John 19:41 states that Jesus was laid in "a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid."
9 Small window. (visible in the top photo) that would have been covered when the stone door is rolleed into place.
Below is the finished loculus ("4" in the photo above) where Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus lay the body of Jesus. Notice how the rock facade slopes into a "pillow" at the head (left) but drops off at a right angle at the opposite (right) end.
When I was alone during my visit, I placed my hand on the rock pillow where Jesus' head had lain, and just kept it there for a moment. I couldn't believe that they actually found the burial place of Jesus, and even less that my hand was touching where His head had lain for three days.
Please take another look at this photo. This is where the crucified body of Jesus once lay, and this angle of view is probably what Peter and John saw below. All that's missing may be the linen cloths and the handkerchief:
"Peter therefore went out, and the other disciple, and were going to the tomb. So they both ran together, and the other disciple outran Peter and came to the tomb first. And he, stooping down and looking in, saw the linen cloths lying there; yet he did not go in. Then Simon Peter came, following him, and went into the tomb; and he saw the linen cloths lying there, and the handkerchief that had been around His head, not lying with the linen cloths, but folded together in a place by itself. Then the other disciple, who came to the tomb first, went in also; and he saw and believed. For as yet they did not know the Scripture, that He must rise again from the dead." (John 20:1-9).
Matthew 27:60 states that a "large stone" was rolled "against the door of the tomb."
The large (1.5 liter) water bottle in the groove (left) gives an idea of the size of the stone rolled along it to close the entrance and the small window (above the area photographed but "9" in the second photo above).
Could a wounded but alive Jesus have escaped from the tomb on His own?
While it would have been a struggle to roll the stone by pushing it from behind, it would have been impossible to roll it away from inside the tomb with nothing to grip onto, especially by someone who had been mortally wounded.
Could His disciples have come and freed him?
Precisely to eliminate that possibility, or more precisely to eliminate the possibility of His disciples taking His body, the chief priests and Pharisees requested the Roman governor to "seal" the tomb and post guards, and Pilate granted them their request (Matthew 27:62-66). Even if His disciples had dared to come to the tomb, they would have been no match for armed Roman soldiers, who would have defended the tomb with their lives since the failure to defend the Roman seal would have meant their own execution.
Any speculation of Jesus' escape also needs to explain how someone whose back had been shredded by the Roman flogging, whose wrists and feet had been crushed and punctured, whose shoulders had dislocated while on the cross, whose torso had been punctured by a spear strike, and who had been confirmed dead by multiple Roman soldiers - trained killers - returned to life in the first place.
The plaque on the door quotes the angels' words from Luke 24:6 about Jesus' resurrection: "He is not here, for He is risen." But how do we know that Jesus rose from the dead?
Despite all that Jesus said and did, if He had died and stayed dead, Christianity would have died with him. Consider things from the perspective of Jesus' disciples. They followed Him around for three years and saw amazing things. Yet when He was crucified, all but one ran off and hid, fearing that they too may be arrested and killed.
But just six weeks later, they marched back into Jerusalem and confidently declared to the masses that Jesus, "whom you crucified" (Acts 2:36), "This Jesus God has raised up, of which we are all witnesses." (Acts 2:32). Something significant must have happened during those six weeks - something so dramatic in fact, that it confirmed their faith in Jesus being God more than all of the miracles (see Tabgha) they had witnessed during the previous three years. But what could be more dramatic than seeing Jesus heal the sick, make the blind see, calm the storm and walk on water?
This time, it wasn't what Jesus did, but what He couldn't do: He couldn't stay dead. During those six weeks they had seen and talked with the physically resurrected Jesus, who proved His deity and power over death, and even ate in front of them (Luke 24:41-43) to prove that they weren't seeing a ghost.
Consider things also from the perspective of those who heard the disciples' declaration above. The last thing they wanted to hear was that Jesus, whose death they had called for (Matthew 27:22-23), is back and that He is their "Lord" (Acts 2:36). If His resurrection weren't true, they would have yelled back, "What are you talking about? Jesus is dead and we know where his body is!"
But instead of challenging the disciples, they listened in silence, and then 3,000 of them became believers right then and there (Acts 2:41). Why? Again, the only possible explanation is that they couldn't deny the truth of what the disciples declared: Jesus had risen from the dead.
|Golgotha ◄||► Why Was Jesus Crucified?|
|Israel Jerusalem||Jesus Birthplace||Jesus Tomb|
|Dome of the Rock||Lake of Gennesaret||Why Was Jesus Crucified?|
|Al Aqsa Mosque||Sermon on the Mount||Mount of Olives|
|Wailing Wall Prayers||Capernaum||Christian Hospice|
|Damascus Gate||Tabgha||Palestinian Christians|
|Jerusalem Wall||Qumran Caves||Evangelizing Israel|
|Zion Gate||When Gospels Written?||School of Tyrannus|
|Holocaust Museum||Garden of Gethsemane||Cayster River|
|Oskar Schindler Grave||Via Dolorosa||Temple of Diana|
|Israeli Soldiers||Holy Sepulcher Church||Ephesus Theater|
|West Bank Wall||Tomb of Jesus?||Ephesus Church|
|Nativity Church||Golgotha||Recommended Reading|